What Happened in 1935 including Pop Culture, Significant Events, Key Technology and Inventions (2023)

Other Major Events From 1935

United States --- Social Security Act

President Roosevelt signs the US Social Security Act on October 22 News Events Providing Unemployment compensation and pensions for the elderly.

More Information and Timeline for the Social Security Act

1. Several states begin enacting old-age pension laws and unemployment insurance throughout the early 1930s in the wake of the Great Depression.

2. The American Association for Old-Age Security becomes the American Association for Social Security in 1933, marking one of the first meaningful uses of the term "Social Security" in the United States.

3. The Committee on Economic Security is created by President Roosevelt in June of 1934. The committee was created with the intention of studying economic security problems and recommending legislation regarding those problems. The creation of this committee was FDR's Executive Order Number 6757.

4. The Committee meets for the first time in August and the National Conference on Economic Security meets in November of 1934. The conference allows the public to discuss issues and needs. The Committee on Economic Security releases its report in January .

5. The Economic Security Bill is then introduced to the US Congress on January 17th . The Committee on Economic Security had recommended a Federal old-age insurance, unemployment insurance through the States, public health programs for women and children, and other general social welfare ideas.

6. The name of the Economic Security Bill was changed to the Social Security Bill in March and it was then re-introduced to the US House of Representatives in April, replacing the former bill.

7. On April 15th, the Social Security Act was passed in the House of Representatives. It was then passed by the US Senate on June 19th . It was signed by President Roosevelt on August 14, becoming law.

8. Authority was given to create and assign Social Security numbers after the Department of the Treasury approved the decision in November of 1936.

9. The first taxes to contribute to Social Security were collected in 1937, the same year that the first one-time payments were made.

10. Originally, the Social Security program was meant to help with state welfare programs and a Federal old-age pension plan. The program has changed and varied throughout the years. It wasn't until 1994 that the Social Security Administration became and independent agency.

United States --- Black Sunday Dust Storm

The Great Plains are struck by one of the worst Dust Storms in U.S. history during April.

More Information for the Black Sunday Dust Storm.

On April 14th the Great Plains were struck by one of the worst dust storms in United States history. The storm would come to be known as "Black Sunday" as it passed across the region, further devastating farms and infrastructure already ravaged by the Dust Bowl. The day started calmly and the weather seemed clear and many local people spent the day outside and welcomed the day as a break from the constant dust storms of the previous month but by the afternoon the weather quickly changed and a massive black cloud swiftly made its way into the region. The storm caught many people off guard and they had to race against the storm to find shelter.

Ethiopia --- Italy invades Ethiopia

Italy invades Ethiopia and the Second Italo-Ethiopian War begins in October.

More Information for the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.

The Second Italo-Ethiopian War begins during October when Italy invades Ethiopia in an attempt by Mussolini to expand the Italian empire. The invasion of Ethiopia by Italy highlighted the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations. The League had been unable to forestall Italy's attack and unable to agree on what actions to take against the belligerent nation. The League of Nations tried to sanction Italy for the conflict but the sanctions remained largely ineffective. The war ended in May of 1936 when Italian troops took the capital of Addis Ababa forcing the Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, into exile. Italy continued to occupy Ethiopia until World War II when the nation was liberated by Allied troops in 1941 and Selassie returned to power.

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United States --- Sir Malcolm Campbell land speed world record

Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the 300 mph barrier to set a new land speed world record.

More Information for Malcolm Campbell Land Speed Record.

Sir Malcolm Campbell created a new land speed record in September . While making runs in his experimental car "Bluebird," at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, Campbell broke the land speed record that he had previously set earlier in the year. The old record of 276.82 miles per hour was smashed as he reached 301.129 miles per hour. After completing this feat, Sir Malcolm Campbell announced he would retire from land speed racing as he had accomplished his goal of reaching 300 miles per hour. Campbell had held the world record nine times during his career.

United States --- Your Hit Parade

Starting this year Your Hit Parade was an American Radio Show featuring the most popular and bestselling songs of the week

More Information and Timeline for the Your Hit Parade

1. Your Hit Parade began on NBC April 20th

2. The first number one song on the first episode was "Soon" by Bing Crosby

3. The show was known by many other names including "Hit Parade," "The Hit Parade," and the "The Lucky Strike Hit Parade" Lucky Strike

4. The show was a 1 hour show playing the 15 most popular songs from that week

The show ran on radio from till 1955 it was carried on both NBC and CBS over the years it changed to a countdown format , the show started on NBC television in 1950 and ran to 1959

United States --- Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart flies solo across the Pacific.

More Information and Timeline for Amelia Earhart.

1. The groundbreaking female aviator, Amelia Earhart, became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific ocean on January 11, as she traveled from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California.

2. This feat also made her the first person to have flown solo across both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

3. Earhart had began her flight career in 1921 and had set herself a goal of flying solo around the world.

4. Unfortunately, in 1937, as she was nearing completion of her goal, her plane was lost on its way to a small Pacific island and she was never found or seen again, and presumed dead.

United States --- first technicolor Mickey Mouse

The first technicolor Mickey Mouse short film is released.

More Information and Timeline for Mickey Mouse appears in color for the first time.

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The iconic character Mickey Mouse appears in an animated short in technicolor for the first time with the release of "The Band Concert" on February 23, . The animated short film featured Mickey Mouse as he tried to conduct a concert of the William Tell Overture but is largely unsuccessful as he is continually interrupted by Donald Duck and other distractions. While the film is only a total of nine minutes long it is considered, by many modern animators, to be one of the greatest cartoon films ever made. Mickey Mouse creator Walt Disney produced the animated film, Clarence Nash voiced Donald Duck, and it was directed by Wilfred Jackson.

United States --- first Pacific Airmail delivery

The China Clipper makes the first Pacific Airmail delivery.

More Information for the China Clipper.

Pan-American Airway's China Clipper, a Martin M-130 flying boat, went on the first United States Trans-Pacific airmail delivery flight during November . The plane, piloted by Edwin Musick, left from Alameda, California and landed in Manilla, Philippines, its final destination, after seven days of travel. The first Trans-Pacific airmail service successfully delivered 110,000 pieces of mail and after its first delivery the China Clipper picked up mail intended for the United States and returned home another seven days later with the commercial seaplane having successfully completed the full trip.

United States --- Porky Pig

The Looney Tunes character of "Porky Pig" was first introduced.

More Information for Porky Pig and Looney Tunes.

In March , the popular Looney Tunes character "Porky Pig" made his first appearance in an animated short called "I Haven't Got a Hat." The character was designed by the animator Bob Clampett and was originally voiced by Joe Dougherty who was then replaced by Mel Blanc in 1937. Porky Pig was the first widely popular Looney Tunes character to be created by Warner Brothers and was recognized by his signature comedic stutter and shy demeanor. Not too long after Porky's debut, they introduced his comedic foil with the creation of Daffy Duck in 1937 and by 1940 their newest character, Bugs Bunny, became the star of the show.

United States --- 1935 Neutrality Act

FDR signs the Neutrality Act into law, preventing the U.S. exportation of war related items to nations at war.

More Information for the Neutrality Act.

United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act into law during the month of August. The Neutrality Act stopped the exportation of war items like arms and ammunition from the United States to nations at war. The act was born out of the desire to keep the United States out of any impending European conflicts. A wave of Fascism had begun sweeping over Europe as several dictators took power and started to gear up for war. American citizens were afraid of becoming involved in these conflicts as the devastating costs of World War I were still in the public's mind. The president had initially opposed the Neutrality Act but eventually bent to the will of the people in support of taking these, ultimately useless, steps.

United Kingdom --- Penguin first paperback books

Penguin produce the first paperback books.

More Information for Penguin Paperbacks.

In July , Penguin releases their first paperback books, revolutionizing the publishing industry by bringing affordable books to the English-reading masses. The Penguin publishing company was created in England by Allen Lane who had been previously working for the publishing company "The Bodley Head." He had wanted to create affordable and easily accessible versions of contemporary literature after having been disappointed by the selection of available affordable non-fiction and fiction works at the time. During July the company released their first ten paperbacks and within a year they had sold over one million books in England.

United States --- Babe Ruth hits his final home run

Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career.

More Information for Babe Ruth retires from baseball.

1. George Herman Ruth Jr. Began playing professional baseball at the age of 19 when he was signed to the Baltimore Orioles in 1914.

2. He was soon sold to the Boston Red Sox where he began to develop into a star player until he was traded to the New York Yankees in 1919.

3. Ruth remained with the Yankees until 1934 where he dominated the game, helping the team win four World Series and seven Pennants.

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4. Legendary baseball player Babe Ruth retired from the sport in June .

5. He spent his final season with the Boston Braves and upon his retirement held a 714 home run record that was broken by Hank Aaron in 1974, nearly forty years after it was set.

Technology 1935


The Peoples car ( Volkswagen Beetle ) is launched in Germany

First Experimental Radar is developed in UK

GE Starts selling the first Fluorescent Tube for light

On July 19th the First Parking Meters in Oklahoma City designed by Carl C Magee

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )

Toyota Cars are launched in Japan

Radar (for Aircraft) Scotland by Robert Watson-Watt)

Helicopter USA by Igor I. Sikorsky)

Popular Culture 1935

Alcoholics Anonymous is founded on June 10th in New York City

First Canned beer goes on sale

Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career

Parker Brothers releases the board game Monopoly

Porgy and Bess opens in New York

Penguin produce the first paperback books

Other News Events 1935

1,200,000 people face starvation

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1,200,000 people face starvation in Illinois due to lack of funding.

First Public Housing Project

First Public Housing Project launched in New York

Earthquake destroys Quetta

Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan - 26,000 dead

First Orange Bowl

First Orange Bowl

Luftwaffe is created

The Luftwaffe is created as Germany's air force and Germany announces rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

Persia is renamed as Iran

Persia is renamed as Iran

Compulsory Driving Test

Compulsory Driving Test is introduced in England on June 1st

great Labor Day Category 5 Hurricane

The great Labor Day Category 5 Hurricane with winds approaching 185 mph strikes Florida Keys on September 2nd

Sir Malcolm Campbell

Sir Malcolm Campbell breaks the 300 mph barrier to set a new land speed world record

The China Clipper

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The China Clipper makes the first Pacific Airmail delivery

Revenue Act

President Roosevelt Revenue Act often referred to as the Wealth Tax Act begins


What political events happened in 1935? ›

President Roosevelt signs the Public Utilities Act to restrict public utilities monopolies. President Roosevelt signs the Motor Carrier Act, which gives the Interstate Commerce Commission control over bus and truck traffic. President Roosevelt signs the Revenue Act of 1935, also known as the Wealth Tax Act.

What major events happened in the 1930s in America? ›

Amelia Earhart becomes the first female aviator to successfully fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Notorious gangster Al Capone is convicted of Income Tax Evasion. Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as the President of the United States.

What happened in May 1935? ›

The Digor earthquake in eastern Turkey killed 200 people. The U.S. Senate voted to extend the National Recovery Administration another 10 months. The Federal Music Project was enacted in the United States.

What was established in 1935? ›

Government of India Act, 1935 – Overview
Government of India Act 1935
AimAn Act to make further provision for the Government of India.
Enacted byParliament of United Kingdom
Royal Assent24th July 1935
Commenced1st April 1937
2 more rows

What happened in 1935 during the Great Depression? ›

In 1935 many of the jobs and construction programs were consolidated under the Works Progress Administration (WPA). With federal help, the state economy began a dramatic recovery, faster than many other states.

What happened in July 1935? ›

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, guaranteeing the rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions.

What happened in June 1935? ›

An armistice was signed in the Chaco War, effective June 14. Louisiana Senator Huey Long began a filibuster against a resolution to extend a watered-down version of the National Recovery Administration. Wonderland Greyhound Park opened in Revere, Massachusetts.

What happened in October 1935? ›

Ethiopia, one of only two independent African nations at the time, was invaded on Oct. 3, 1935 by Fascist Italy under Benito Mussolini. The Italians committed countless atrocities on the independent African state. Poisonous gas, aerial bombardment, flame throwers, and concentration camps were all employed.

What is a big event that happened 1930s? ›

Great Depression begins. US suffers worst ever drought causing hardship in farming community and leading to the dust bowl years. US 1930 Unemployment figures show 8.7% of the population are unemployed.

What was the biggest event in the 1930s? ›

The thirties brought tremendous change starting with the Great Depression. By the end of the decade, the world was at war. Read on to learn more about moments that defined the '30s. October 29, 1929: The Wall Street Crash of 1929 triggers the Great Depression — the worst economic crisis in U.S. history.

What was happening in the United States in 1935? ›

A Year In History: 1935 Timeline. 1935 was a great year for enterprise, bringing in the first can of beer, the first pair of briefs and the first parking metre, as well the discovery of the neutron and radar technology. Momentous speed records were broken by boat, plane, car and foot.

What happened on the 6th of May 1935? ›

The Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V was marked by a number of events including a Service of Thanksgiving at St Paul's Cathedral on May 6, 1935. The day was a public holiday and parties were held all over the country.

What happened on May 7 1935? ›

May 7, 1935

Seven miners riding up an elevator are killed when a large boulder crashes down the shaft.

What happened in January 1935? ›

January 4, 1935 (Friday)

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his second State of the Union address to Congress. Roosevelt pledged to reduce direct Federal relief and begin to replace it with localized programs, and said he would recommend unemployment insurance, social security and other benefits.

What was the act in 1935? ›

In 1935, Congress passed the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”), making clear that it is the policy of the United States to encourage collective bargaining by protecting workers' full freedom of association.

What happened in March 1935? ›

The Harlem race riot occurred. British troops in India fired on a huge crowd of Muslims and Hindus rioting against each other, killing 27. The League of Nations urged Italy and Ethiopia to do everything possible to avoid war. Nazi Germany exempted Jews from conscription.

What happened in 1935 that led to ww2? ›

1935. The League of Nations approves the results of the Saar plebiscite, which allows Saar to be incorporated into German borders. The Anglo-German Naval Agreement is signed by Germany and the United Kingdom. The agreement allows Germany to build a fleet that's 35% the tonnage of the British fleet.

What happened in February 1935? ›

The U.S. Supreme Court decided the Gold Clause Cases. By a 5–4 vote, the Roosevelt Administration's policy on the ownership of gold was upheld. The New York Stock Exchange surged in response to the news. Canadian Parliament approved the introduction of unemployment insurance.

What happened in April 1935? ›

In what came to be known as “Black Sunday,” one of the most devastating storms of the 1930s Dust Bowl era sweeps across the region on April 14, 1935. High winds kicked up clouds of millions of tons of dirt and dust so dense and dark that some eyewitnesses believed the world was coming to an end.

What happened on the 20th of October 1935? ›

October 20, 1935 (Sunday)

The Long March of the Red Army of the Communist Party of China ended. The March lasted 368 days and covered 6,000 miles.

What happened in August 1935? ›

The Social Security Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt on August 14, 1935.

What happened on the 1st of November 1935? ›

November 1, 1935 (Friday)

The Timiskaming earthquake occurred in western Quebec, Canada.

What happened on the 3rd October 1935? ›

A border incident between Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland that December gave Benito Mussolini an excuse to intervene. Rejecting all arbitration offers, the Italians invaded Ethiopia on October 3, 1935.

What happened on September 10 1935? ›

Weiss was killed instantly, and Huey was rushed to a nearby hospital, where emergency surgery failed to stop internal bleeding. Huey died two days later on September 10, 1935, eleven days after his 42nd birthday.

What happened in March 20 1935? ›

1935 : The American radio show “Your Hit Parade” makes its debut on the airwaves.

What happened on June 30 1935? ›

A partial solar eclipse occurred on June 30, 1935. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth.

What happened in August 30 1935? ›

August 30, 1935 (Friday)

President Roosevelt signed the Guffey Coal Act and the Revenue Act of 1935 into law.

What happened on June 10 1935? ›

"Dr. Bob," as he is known in AA, began sustained abstinence from alcohol on June 10, 1935. That date is generally considered the day on which Alcoholics Anonymous began.

What major events happened in 1934 in America? ›

The most major events in 1934 were certainly the shooting of Bonnie and Clyde in April 1934 and John Dillinger in July 1934. 1934 also saw the births of many famous athletes, from baseball to football, as well as some Soviet cosmonauts who would go on to break records for their efforts in space.

Which two important events in American history occurred in the 1930s? ›

Table of Contents
  • The Great Depression.
  • Dust Bowl.
  • Herbert Hoover.
  • Roosevelt's New Deal.
  • American Culture During the 1930s.
  • The Second New Deal.
  • Roosevelt's Second Term.
  • The Depression Ends.
Sep 16, 2010

What inventions were made in 1930s? ›

Featured inventions include: the helicopter, xerography, the parking meter, the walkie talkie, and the electric guitar.

What were 5 major events in 1930? ›

1930 Major News Stories including first year of the great depression, Prohibition Enforcement is Strengthened, Graf Zeppelin Airship Completes Flight From Germany to Brazil, Mahatma Gandhi begins 200 mile march to the salt beds of Jalalpur to protest British Rule, 1350 banks in the US fail, Smoot-Hawley Tariff bill ...

What major events happened in the world in 1930 1939? ›

Hitler appointed German chancellor, gets dictatorial powers. Reichstag fire in Berlin; Nazi terror begins. Germany and Japan withdraw from League of Nations. Giuseppe Zangara executed for attempted assassination of president-elect Roosevelt in which Chicago mayor Cermak is fatally shot.

What were the most popular activities in the 1930s? ›

Radio programs, music, dancing and dance marathons, and cinema were popular forms of entertainment during the Great Depression. Many people affected by the economic downturn sought inexpensive ways to pass the time and distract themselves from the challenging circumstances.

What was a popular trend in the 1930s? ›

Women often accessorized with inexpensive costume jewelry, gloves, silk scarves, and furs. Smaller hats were popular, such as berets, Greta Garbo-style slouch hats, or knit caps. Turbans topped fancier looks. Two-tone oxford shoes and strappy dress shoes with high, chunky heels were the shoes of choice.

What major events happened in the 1930s and 40s? ›

The Great Depression, the Dust Bowl, and the start of World War II on the European front were some of the most impactful historical events of the time. These events influenced what our ancestors wore, what they did for work, how they managed their homes, where they lived, what they did for fun, and much more.

What did people do for fun in 1935? ›

Inexpensive amusements included backyard games, puzzles, card games, and board games such as Monopoly, which was introduced in 1935.

What time period was 1935? ›

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

What happened in May 30 1935? ›

Republican River Flood of May 30, 1935.

What happened on May 31 1935? ›

Tornado in the McCook Area

The crest of the flood reached McCook, Nebraska, around 1 PM CST on May 31, 1935. At approximately 4:30 PM that afternoon a tornado moved northwest of the community. This tornado was part of a minor outbreak that occurred over western Nebraska and northern Kansas.

What happened on May 24 1935? ›

The Cincinnati Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 on May 24, 1935 in Major League Baseball's first-ever night game, played courtesy of recently installed lights at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

What happened on April 15 1935? ›

April 15, 1935 (Monday)

The Roerich Pact was signed in Washington, D.C., legally establishing the protection of cultural objects as more important than their use or destruction for military purposes.

What happened on September 13 1935? ›

September 13, 1935 (Friday)

Pierre Laval spoke before the League of Nations, echoing many of Hoare's statements by proclaiming France's commitment to the League Covenant. Separately, French government officials said they would implement economic sanctions against Italy the moment it invaded Ethiopia.

What happened on April 27 1935? ›

Roosevelt signed legislation aimed at combating soil erosion and preserving natural resources. On this day in 1935, as a blistering heat wave parched the nation's midsection, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed legislation aimed at combating soil erosion and preserving natural resources.

What happened on 9 8 1935? ›

On Sunday, September 8, 1935, United States senator and former Louisiana governor Huey Long was fatally shot at the Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

What are 3 important news events that took place in the United States in 1936? ›

The Rural Electrification Act becomes law, bringing electricity to the more remote parts of the country. The Spanish Civil War begins and Francisco Franco is named the Head of State. Killer Tornadoes strike Tupelo, Mississippi and Gainesville, Georgia.

What period was 1935? ›

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

What happened in the world in September 1935? ›

September 15, 1935 (Sunday)

In Nuremberg, the Reichstag convened for a special session and passed the Nuremberg Laws. Marriage between Jews and Aryans was forbidden and three new classes of German citizenship were created that excluded Jews. The swastika flag was made the official flag of Germany.

What happened on January 11 1935? ›

On January 11–12, 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland. Though some called it a publicity stunt for Earhart and Hawaiian sugar plantation promoters, it was a dangerous 2,408-mile flight that had already claimed several lives.

What happened on July 7 1935? ›

July 7, 1935 (Sunday)

The Chinese city of Changde was flooded in ten-foot deep water when dikes on the Yuan River collapsed. The first Iberian Cup was played.


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